THE BIRMAN CAT
The Sacred Cat of Burma, or Birman, is an
exotic cat, majestic in its demeanor but, at the same time, very friendly and
intelligent by nature. Although the breed originated in Burma as the Sacred
Temple Cat of the Khmer people, it should not be confused with the Burmese, to
which it is quite unrelated. The first appearance of the Birman cat in the
western world is their introduction to France in 1919. The transfer from east to
west remains shrouded in mystery with little documentation of the cat's actual
history until more recent times. The French registries recognized the "Sacre de
Birmanie" as a natural breed in 1925. Many of the world's other
registering bodies have considered the Birman a French breed ever since. The
English version, "Birman" is derived from the French spelling of their name. The
breed was recognized for championship competition in England in 1966 and in the
United States in 1967.
THE IDEAL BIRMAN
The Birman is a color-pointed cat with long,
silky hair that does not mat. Its pure white feet are one of its most striking
features, setting it apart from the other breeds commonly confused with it, such
as the Himalayan, Balinese, and Siamese. Ideally the Birman should be a large,
strongly built cat, with males greatly outweighing the females. Its large, blue,
almost round eyes set in a round face with a Roman nose gives it its sweet
Birmans come in all point colors, with seals and blues being the most common.
The white gloves should go across the front feet in an even line and be
symmetrical. On the back feet the gloves also cover the foot and then extend up
the back of the hock, ending in a point. These are called laces or gauntlets.
The amount of white
allowed for showing is very specific. Often too much or too little white is the
only the difference between a show cat and a pet.
Because of its sweet nature it is easy to handle, quick to learn, and makes an
ideal house pet. It has a small voice and characteristic tiger-like walk.
THE LEGEND OF THE BIRMAN
The unusual coloring of the Birman is the
subject of this charming legend:
Centuries ago, the Khmer people of Asia built the Temple of Lao-Tsun in which to
worship a golden goddess with sapphire-blue eyes, Tsun-Kyan-Kse. A much beloved
priest, Mun-Ha, often knelt in meditation before the goddess with Sinh, a
beautiful white temple cat beside him gazing at the golden figure. One night
raiders attacked the temple and Mun-Ha was killed. As he died, Sinh placed his
feet upon his fallen master and faced the golden goddess. As he did so, the
hairs of his white body turned golden, and his yellow eyes to sapphire-blue,
like hers. His four white legs turned earthy brown -- but where his paws rested
gently on his dead master, they remained white as a symbol of purity. The next
morning, the other ninety-nine white cats of the temple were as golden as Sinh,
who did not leave his place after his master's death until seven days later, he
too died, carrying with him into Paradise the soul of Mun-Ha, his beloved
master. It is said that since that time, whenever a sacred cat died in the
Temple of Lao-Tsun, the soul of the priest was said to accompany it on its
journey to the hereafter.
At this point legend ends, and history begins.
HISTORY OF THE BREED
The temple was left in peace until at the
beginning of this century, it was again raided. Two westerners, August Pavie and
Major Gordon Russell, came to the aid of the priests. Later in 1919, as a
gesture of gratitude the priests sent to the two men, then living in France, a
pair of their sacred cats. Unfortunately, the male did not survive the ocean
trip, but the female by then was pregnant, and the survival of the breed in the
West was insured.
Once more, misfortune struck when during World War II the breed in France was
once again reduced to only a single pair. But by the early 1960's the Birman had
made their appearance in Britain where Mrs. Elsie Fisher of Praha cattery
imported the first. The breed was also introduced in the United States about the
same time and
has been gaining in popularity ever since.
ITS A BIRMAN!! NOT A: